Our member, Emre Eren Korkmaz, of the University of Oxford´s International Migration Institute and the UK Ethical Trade Initiative discusses the employment of Syrian refugees in Turkey in a recent blog.
BBC 1’s recent Panorama investigation, ‘Undercover: The Refugees Who Make Our Clothes’ has drawn attention to informal refugee labour and child labour in Turkey engaged in production for well-known international brands. The programme, broadcast on 24 October 2016, has led to many debates about ethical trade, the exploitation of vulnerable people, and Turkey’s informal sector.
In this blog piece, originally published on the 3rd of November 2016 by the University of Oxford´s International Migration Institute, Emre Eren Korkmaz, provides a general picture of the employment of Syrian refugees in Turkey.
Importantly, he argues that such informal employment and child labour issues are not new problems for the labour market in Turkey. The informal sector has been active since the 1960s and child labour has been used widely in many industries, including in the service sector. It is important to understand the relationship between the informal and formal sectors in Turkey and how it has affected the survival strategies of Syrian refugees. In turn, one must also understand how the participation of Syrian refugees in the informal economy has changed the historical relationship between formal and informal employment.
Read the full blog here.
(Image: Workers sewing clothes, Kahramanmaraş, 2007, by Travel Aficionado via Flickr)